ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct

In their reports to payors for services or sources of research funding, psychologists take reasonable steps to ensure the accurate reporting of the nature of the service provided or research conducted, the fees, charges, or payments, and where applicable, the identity of the provider, the findings, and the diagnosis. Psychologists may dispense with informed consent only (1) where research would not reasonably be assumed to create distress or harm and involves (a) the study of normal educational practices, curricula, or classroom management methods conducted in educational settings; (b) only anonymous questionnaires, naturalistic observations, or archival research for which disclosure of responses would not place participants at risk of criminal or civil liability or damage their financial standing, employability, or reputation, and confidentiality is protected; or (c) the study of factors related to job or organization effectiveness conducted in organizational settings for which there is no risk to participants' employability, and confidentiality is protected or (2) where otherwise permitted by law or federal or institutional regulations. Its code of conduct is the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Code). (b) Where scientific or professional knowledge in the discipline of psychology establishes that an understanding of factors associated with age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status is essential for effective implementation of their services or research, psychologists have or obtain the training, experience, consultation, or supervision necessary to ensure the competence of their services, or they make appropriate referrals, except as provided in Standard 2.02, Providing Services in Emergencies. Psychologists cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings, and resulting requirements of the APA or any affiliated state psychological association to which they belong. (See also Standard 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others.). Revision of ethical standard 3.04 of the “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” (2002, as amended 2010). (See also Standard 1.08, Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents.). APA may impose sanctions on its members for violations of the standards of the Ethics Code, including termination of APA membership, and may notify other bodies and individuals of its actions. (1981). ��/;x"F�� �]�lf�NgFo���m��� �����lm}^�t�M�F��x�3�w?�0D�'3� heN�l�`�|�&Q��D��k3��jk�rܜ��Ep=��s��Q����\�h͢�W#Ҝ#\�fBV�h���QUomA��h~7�k�Ʒ��I�����ɭm�Z:���������х�vծ��t�?T�PM���ݲɏ߃|�r�+��qCW�+:}�`�!��~�����.��•���о�}q�z�N�Vs%LF��]7D�xr�^�}vŤ�:t����m^�x߭ˊ��L�O��&/�*�����nO����` �U�G����/6�2���Cv ����r]8�Љwۯ��� lH��w����]Ʉ� gC�5�#&�׍�ol Ҝx�� ���¤���'��0:��(s�t$k��q�K�ifJN��(�!���KC��=\@@�0J����%��h�[c��$�pF���X3��3H�R��Tʈ2J �{���Ԓ�i!HsVF�Ē�T�#C�{�)��,d*�~� ���4���#��,�E>YJ�BJ��5��\����(%X��[R�K The American Psychological Association’s Council of Representatives adopted this version of the APA Ethics Code during its meeting on Aug. 21, 2002. If psychologists' ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, psychologists make known their commitment to this Ethics Code and take steps to resolve the conflict in a responsible manner in keeping with basic principles of human rights. 2.06 Personal Problems and Conflicts (See also Standards 3.05, Multiple relationships, and 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality. (See also Standards 3.05, Multiple Relationships; 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements; 6.05, Barter with Clients/Patients; 7.07, Sexual Relationships with Students and Supervisees; 10.05, Sexual Intimacies with Current Therapy Clients/Patients; 10.06, Sexual Intimacies with Relatives or Significant Others of Current Therapy Clients/Patients; 10.07, Therapy with Former Sexual Partners; and 10.08, Sexual Intimacies with Former Therapy Clients/Patients. The Introduction discusses the intent, organization, procedural considerations, and scope of application of the Ethics Code. Sexual harassment can consist of a single intense or severe act or of multiple persistent or pervasive acts. 5.01 Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements American Psychological Association. (a) Psychologists discuss with persons (including, to the extent feasible, persons who are legally incapable of giving informed consent and their legal representatives) and organizations with whom they establish a scientific or professional relationship (1) the relevant limits of confidentiality and (2) the foreseeable uses of the information generated through their psychological activities. Barter is the acceptance of goods, services, or other nonmonetary remuneration from clients/patients in return for psychological services. ), 3.10 Informed Consent 8.01 Institutional Approval Principle D: Justice The purpose is oriented to human and social objectives like well-being, health, quality of life, etc.Any practice in psychology that goes against these goals, would be against professional ethics. ), 3.09 Cooperation with Other Professionals ), 3.08 Exploitative Relationships Psychologists responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that there is a current and accurate description of the program content (including participation in required course- or program-related counseling, psychotherapy, experiential groups, consulting projects, or community service), training goals and objectives, stipends and benefits, and requirements that must be met for satisfactory completion of the program. The Code became effective on June 1, 2003. Inquiries concerning the substance or interpretation of the APA Ethics Code should be addressed to the Director, Office of Ethics, American Psychological Association, 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Minor contributions to the research or to the writing for publications are acknowledged appropriately, such as in footnotes or in an introductory statement. Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence The Preamble and American Psychologist, 45, 390-395. (a) When psychologists conduct research or provide assessment, therapy, counseling, or consulting services in person or via electronic transmission or other forms of communication, they obtain the informed consent of the individual or individuals using language that is reasonably understandable to that person or persons except when conducting such activities without consent is mandated by law or governmental regulation or as otherwise provided in this Ethics Code. 3.04 Avoiding Harm Psychologists discuss these issues with the client/patient or another legally authorized person on behalf of the client/patient in order to minimize the risk of confusion and conflict, consult with the other service providers when appropriate, and proceed with caution and sensitivity to the therapeutic issues. Experiments and Studies. (c) When psychologists conduct a record review or provide consultation or supervision and an individual examination is not warranted or necessary for the opinion, psychologists explain this and the sources of information on which they based their conclusions and recommendations. (a) When obtaining informed consent as required in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, psychologists inform participants about (1) the purpose of the research, expected duration, and procedures; (2) their right to decline to participate and to withdraw from the research once participation has begun; (3) the foreseeable consequences of declining or withdrawing; (4) reasonably foreseeable factors that may be expected to influence their willingness to participate such as potential risks, discomfort, or adverse effects; (5) any prospective research benefits; (6) limits of confidentiality; (7) incentives for participation; and (8) whom to contact for questions about the research and research participants' rights. ), 4.06 Consultations This does not preclude taking action based upon the outcome of such proceedings or considering other appropriate information. This Ethics Code provides a common set of principles and standards upon which psychologists build their professional and scientific work. Psychologists are aware of and respect cultural, individual, and role differences, including those based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status, and consider these factors when working with members of such groups. (c) Psychologists make plans in advance to facilitate the appropriate transfer and to protect the confidentiality of records and data in the event of psychologists' withdrawal from positions or practice. (1992). 2018 APA Ethics Committee Rules and Procedures (PDF, 197KB), Revision of Ethics Code Standard 3.04 (Avoiding Harm), APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2017) (PDF, 272KB), 2016 APA Ethics Committee Rules and Procedures, Revision of Ethical Standard 3.04 of the “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” (2002, as Amended 2010) (PDF, 26KB), 2010 Amendments to the 2002 "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct" (PDF, 39KB). The first of the general principles (article number 5) defines the purpose of psychology. AASP members provide diagnostic, therapeutic, teaching, research, educational, supervisory, or other consultative services only in the context of a defined professional or scientific relationship or role. (1990). (a) After research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release. %PDF-1.5 %���� Start studying Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. (d) Psychologists appropriately document written or oral consent, permission, and assent. Psychologists do not engage in sexual intimacies with individuals they know to be close relatives, guardians, or significant others of current clients/patients. (See also Standard 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority.). APA Ethical Principles for Psychologists and Code of Conduct also provides three hours of credit toward the continuing education Ethics requirement for Licensed Psychologists in Texas. (a) A multiple relationship occurs when a psychologist is in a professional role with a person and (1) at the same time is in another role with the same person, (2) at the same time is in a relationship with a person closely associated with or related to the person with whom the psychologist has the professional relationship, or (3) promises to enter into another relationship in the future with the person or a person closely associated with or related to the person. (1959). American Psychologist, 36, 633-638. The Ethics Code is intended to provide guidance for psychologists and standards of professional conduct that can be applied by the APA and by other bodies that choose to adopt them. 8.02 Informed Consent to Research Psychologists establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work. Psychologists recognize that fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by psychologists. 5.06 In-Person Solicitation In applying the Ethics Code to their professional work, psychologists may consider other materials and guidelines that have been adopted or endorsed by scientific and professional psychological organizations and the dictates of their own conscience, as well as consult with others within the field. Complaints will be adjudicated on the basis of the version of the Ethics Code that was in effect at the time the conduct occurred. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.10, Informed Consent.). American Psychologist, 18, 56-60. Although the Preamble and General Principles are not themselves enforceable rules, they should be considered by psychologists in arriving at an ethical course of action. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct Ethics Code (The Code) in 2019. Think about which APA ethical standards might apply to the Stanford Prison Experiment and about what problems or conflicts might arise if these standards were applied. (2016). 3.12 Interruption of Psychological Services (a) Psychologists delivering services to or through organizations provide information beforehand to clients and when appropriate those directly affected by the services about (1) the nature and objectives of the services, (2) the intended recipients, (3) which of the individuals are clients, (4) the relationship the psychologist will have with each person and the organization, (5) the probable uses of services provided and information obtained, (6) who will have access to the information, and (7) limits of confidentiality. Request copies of the APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct from the APA Order Department, 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, or phone (202) 336-5510. Psychologists do not exploit persons over whom they have supervisory, evaluative or other authority such as clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, and employees. American Psychological Association. Psychologists uphold professional standards of conduct, clarify their professional roles and obligations, accept appropriate responsibility for their behavior, and seek to manage conflicts of interest that could lead to exploitation or harm. Washington, DC: Author. This information must be made readily available to all interested parties. This Ethics Code is intended to provide specific standards to cover most situations encountered by psychologists. ), (b) When obtaining informed consent for treatment for which generally recognized techniques and procedures have not been established, psychologists inform their clients/patients of the developing nature of the treatment, the potential risks involved, alternative treatments that may be available, and the voluntary nature of their participation. (See also Standard 6.05, Barter with Clients/Patients.). The Society expects that the Code will be used to form a basis for consideration of ethical questions, with the Principles in this Code being taken into account in the process of … In deciding whether to offer or provide services to those already receiving mental health services elsewhere, psychologists carefully consider the treatment issues and the potential client's/patient's welfare. Psychologists strive to be aware of the possible effect of their own physical and mental health on their ability to help those with whom they work. Information regarding the process is provided to the student at the beginning of supervision. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority The fact that a given conduct is not specifically addressed by an Ethical Standard does not mean that it is necessarily either ethical or unethical. American Psychological Association. ), (b) When engaged in teaching or training, psychologists present psychological information accurately., Section 5: Advertising and Other Public Statements, Amendments to the 2002 “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” in 2010 and 2016, Advancing psychology to benefit society and improve lives. 1.07 Improper Complaints 10.01 Informed Consent to Therapy When psychologists provide public advice or comment via print, Internet, or other electronic transmission, they take precautions to ensure that statements (1) are based on their professional knowledge, training, or experience in accord with appropriate psychological literature and practice; (2) are otherwise consistent with this Ethics Code; and (3) do not indicate that a professional relationship has been established with the recipient. American Psychological Association. Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. When such validity or reliability has not been established, psychologists describe the strengths and limitations of test results and interpretation. 3.11 Psychological Services Delivered to or Through Organizations (See also Standard 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality. 8.10 Reporting Research Results Psychologists try to eliminate the effect on their work of biases based on those factors, and they do not knowingly participate in or condone activities of others based upon such prejudices. Literature Review In the 2002 APA Ethical Principles for Psychologists and Code of Conduct several principles were outlined to ensure that cultural sensitivity was adopted as the guiding policy for practicing psychologists. If you don't work in a professional field that possesses a strict code of ethics, it's likely that you only know them second-hand. (b) If a psychologist finds that, due to unforeseen factors, a potentially harmful multiple relationship has arisen, the psychologist takes reasonable steps to resolve it with due regard for the best interests of the affected person and maximal compliance with the Ethics Code. The principles and standards are written, revised, and enforced by the APA. (See also Standards 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others; 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 9.01, Bases for Assessments; 9.06, Interpreting Assessment Results; and 9.07, Assessment by Unqualified Persons. 10.03 Group Therapy Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct October 22, 2020 Read the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct and the article “Ethical Dilemmas Encountered by Members of the American Psychological Associations,” which discusses real … Psychologists may not withhold records under their control that are requested and needed for a client's/patient's emergency treatment solely because payment has not been received. Psychologists may refrain from releasing test data to protect a client/patient or others from substantial harm or misuse or misrepresentation of the data or the test, recognizing that in many instances release of confidential information under these circumstances is regulated by law. (See also Standards 3.04, Avoiding Harm, and 3.07, Third-Party Requests for Services.). They provide opportunity for the prospective participants to ask questions and receive answers. American Psychologist, 57, 1060-1073. The American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, six General Principles (A - F), and specific Ethical Standards. (See also Standard 3.05, Multiple Relationships.). (See also Standard 3.12, Interruption of Psychological Services.). ), (b) Faculty who are or are likely to be responsible for evaluating students' academic performance do not themselves provide that therapy. (See also Standards 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality, and 6.01, Documentation of Professional and Scientific Work and Maintenance of Records.). Psychologists strive to contribute a portion of their professional time for little or no compensation or personal advantage. It has as its goals the welfare and protection of the individuals and groups with whom psychologists work and the education of members, students, and the public regarding ethical standards of the discipline. IU��������. When psychologists believe that there may have been an ethical violation by another psychologist, they attempt to resolve the issue by bringing it to the attention of that individual, if an informal resolution appears appropriate and the intervention does not violate any confidentiality rights that may be involved. 8.12 Publication Credit The American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives in August 2002, became effective in June 2003. (a) Psychologists provide services, teach, and conduct research with populations and in areas only within the boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, consultation, study, or professional experience. (b) Psychologists inform persons with questionable capacity to consent or for whom testing is mandated by law or governmental regulations about the nature and purpose of the proposed assessment services, using language that is reasonably understandable to the person being assessed. Each of these principles is described by a statement of key values and accompanied by a set of standards which lay out the precise forms of ethical conduct and behaviour which The Society expects of its members. 4.03 Recording Effective date June 1, 2003 with amendments effective June 1, 2010 and January 1, 2017. (a) The term test data refers to raw and scaled scores, client/patient responses to test questions or stimuli, and psychologists' notes and recordings concerning client/patient statements and behavior during an examination. Ethical principles of psycholo-gists and code of conduct. One of Psychology’s most famous experiments was flawed. endstream endobj 91 0 obj <>stream Ethical principles of psycholo-gists and code of conduct. 117 0 obj <>stream In the process of making decisions regarding their professional behavior, psychologists must consider this Ethics Code in addition to applicable laws and psychology board regulations. American Psychological Association. (See also Standard 7.02, Descriptions of Education and Training Programs. ), 6.06 Accuracy in Reports to Payors and Funding Sources ), 10.09 Interruption of Therapy Council amended the Ethics Code in 2010 and 2017. (See also Standards 2.01b and c, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.01, Unfair Discrimination. Actions that violate the standards of the Ethics Code may also lead to the imposition of sanctions on psychologists or students whether or not they are APA members by bodies other than APA, including state psychological associations, other professional groups, psychology boards, other state or federal agencies, and payors for health services. 3.06 Conflict of Interest (a) Psychologists take reasonable steps to avoid harming their clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, organizational clients, and others with whom they work, and to minimize harm where it is foreseeable and unavoidable. (b) Psychologists do not deceive prospective participants about research that is reasonably expected to cause physical pain or severe emotional distress. Copyright © 2017 American Psychological Association. (b) For persons who are legally incapable of giving informed consent, psychologists nevertheless (1) provide an appropriate explanation, (2) seek the individual's assent, (3) consider such persons' preferences and best interests, and (4) obtain appropriate permission from a legally authorized person, if such substitute consent is permitted or required by law. 9.05 Test Construction 8.04 Client/Patient, Student, and Subordinate Research Participants (a) When psychologists agree to provide services to several persons who have a relationship (such as spouses, significant others, or parents and children), they take reasonable steps to clarify at the outset (1) which of the individuals are clients/patients and (2) the relationship the psychologist will have with each person. Ethical standards of psychologists. 10.02 Therapy Involving Couples or Families 3.02 Sexual Harassment (b) In the absence of a client/patient release, psychologists provide test data only as required by law or court order. Create a heading titled Applied Ethical Principles and Standards: Use the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct to assess which of the principles and standards relate to the particular ethical issue in this case, and analyze how they do so. This section consists of General Principles. When interpreting assessment results, including automated interpretations, psychologists take into account the purpose of the assessment as well as the various test factors, test-taking abilities, and other characteristics of the person being assessed, such as situational, personal, linguistic, and cultural differences, that might affect psychologists' judgments or reduce the accuracy of their interpretations. (a) Psychologists maintain confidentiality in creating, storing, accessing, transferring, and disposing of records under their control, whether these are written, automated, or in any other medium. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Request PDF | On Jul 1, 2013, Gerald P. Koocher and others published Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate ), (b) If it becomes apparent that psychologists may be called on to perform potentially conflicting roles (such as family therapist and then witness for one party in divorce proceedings), psychologists take reasonable steps to clarify and modify, or withdraw from, roles appropriately. These activities shall be distinguished from the purely private conduct of psychologists, which is not within the purview of the Ethics Code.

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